Sustainable Farming: Why You Need to Upgrade from Conventional to Sustainable?
When the world is developing inclination towards modernization, resting under the lap of technology and luxury, Mother Nature is chocking with deteriorated environmental conditions and eco system. Amidst the chaos of pandemic, global warming, growing population and hatred for each other, the food making industry is slowly taking a new turn from its conventional method of farming. This new revolution named as ‘Sustainable Farming’ is a much needed break from harmful industrial farming practices to nourish ecosystems, reentering the stories of oppressed peoples to make the world a better place to live for every living being.
Let’s discuss about Sustainable Farming and why it holds so much importance amidst this growing era of technology.
What Is Sustainable Farming?
With the growing population across the globe, the demand for food is also growing. To meet this exploding demand, agriculture sector and farmers are relying on harmful chemicals and fertilizers to get double production while compromising with the environment and future scenarios. Then what’s the solution? Here, the answer is Sustainable Farming with Sustainable environment and future without compromising on food production and supply. Isn’t that a win-win situation?
Sustainable Farming is a term used to refer the alternative method of farming for growing food using methods that will nurture society, the environment, and the economy. This sort of farming is an alternative to mainstream, industrial agriculture practices.
The main motto of Sustainable Farming is to seek support for community health and well-being of nature, while still carrying profitable businesses.
Sustainable Farming, a system which is sustainable environmentally, socially and economically is the only answer to preserve our environment and stopping further damage to the ecosystem.
Sustainable Farming means producing food, fiber, plant or animal products without harming natural resources and land and farmers and workers, the needs of rural communities, and health and safety of the consumer both in the present and the future.
What are the Major Benefits of Sustainable Farming?
Full Stop of crop disease
Crop rotation is one of the main characteristics of Sustainable farming where crops are grown according to the season on the same land. Crop rotation prevents crop diseases and also the risk of wiping out entire crops.
According to science, food produced by sustainable farming has more nutrients as it avoids dangerous chemical and pesticides. On the other hand, crop rotation also guarantees more nutrients in fruits and vegetables. Moreover, livestock farmers raise animals in such a way without implementing dangerous practices such as the use of growth hormones and non-therapeutic antibiotics. That’s what makes the meat safe for consumers.
Sustainable Farming Prevents soil erosion
As per reports, crop rotation leads to healthier soil and improved pest control methods besides promoting diversity. According to Agri-scientist, intercropping and growing cover crops prevent soil erosion and also helps replenish nutrients along with minimizing weeds. On the other hand, traditional methods like tilling and ploughing and using organic manure and fertilizers help improve soil quality.
Replace Pollution & Chemicals
Sustainable farming also means the usage of natural fertilizer and fewer chemicals which reduces pollution. Moreover, farm produce is healthier and better for you.
Sustainable farming focused on integrated pest management to identify pests in the initial stages and target spraying only for particular pests limited to a particular area.
Helps to Build Sustainable communities
Sustainable farming promotes the resurgence of smaller family-run farms that strengthen the rural community which will be benefits everyone. Another important motto of sustainable farming is to make agriculture affordable for small farmers, farm workers and agricultural laborers who are employed in the food system so that they make a livable wage and work in a safe environment.
Protect Environment and Renewable Energy Sources
One important thing you should know about sustainable framing is that it relies less on non-renewable energy and more on renewable energy sources. Like solar power, hydro energy or wind power and by labor to the extent that it is economically feasible. Through this process, sustainable farming helps the environment from further damage and depletion.
Improve Animal Welfare
Sustainable farming also helps in improving the welfare of animals. By raising animals on pasture and letting they move freely, animals consume their natural diet and are treated humanely by the farmers.
Pronami Chetia is a contributing writer at Koshish India.