ESG Reporting Frame Work

Natural Farming vs Organic Farming: A Closer Look

In the last decade where the concern about food safety, environmental sustainability and human health has increased, alternative sustainable agricultural practices like organic and natural farming have got significant attention. These approaches underline ecological balance, soil health and reduction in the reliance on synthetic alternatives. The terms organic farming and natural farming may sometimes confuse the farmers, consumers and stakeholders. Therefore, let’s understand what are natural farming and organic farming, how are they related to each other, and what are the significant differences between the two approaches.

What is Natural Farming?

Natural Farming


Natural farming resembles an agricultural philosophy based on nature's wisdom. It was first introduced in Japan by visionaries such as Masanobu Fukuoka and Mokichi Okada, and it is commonly referred to as "natural agriculture" or" do-nothing agriculture." This technique offers a significant shift in perspective, moving away from traditional farming approaches that focus primarily on external inputs and human participation.


What is Organic Farming?

Organic Farming


Organic farming is a systematic agricultural system designed to enhance productivity and ecological sustainability in agricultural ecosystems. This technique successfully incorporates soil bacteria, plant life, animals, and human activities. Organic farming prioritizes the use of organic materials like compost, cover crops, and natural insect control methods above synthetic pesticides. It emphasizes soil health, biodiversity conservation, and the use of environmentally friendly agriculture techniques.

Similarities between Natural Farming and Organic Farming:


When it comes to farming in a way that's good for the environment, natural farming and organic farming are like two peas in a pod. They might use different techniques, but they both care deeply about nature and farming sustainably. Here are some ways they're alike:

  • No Synthetic Chemicals: Both natural and organic farming strongly oppose the use of synthetic chemicals in agricultural techniques. By avoiding synthetic fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides, these methods prioritize soil health while protecting delicate ecosystems from the negative effects of chemical contaminants.

  • Soil Health Enhancement: Both natural and organic farming promote healthy soil and techniques such as crop rotation, vermicomposting, and cow dung manure, which improves soil structure and nutrient content while encouraging resistance of plants and yields.

  • Biodiversity Promotion: Natural and organic farming promotes the growth of diverse plant species, protects against diseases and pests, and improves ecosystem health through companion planting and intercropping.

Differences Between Natural and Organic Farming:


Even though both organic farming and natural farming aim for sustainable, chemical-free agriculture, they take different paths to get there. Let's break down some of the key differences between the two:

So, while organic farming might involve more regulated practices and can be pricierdue to the need for specific inputs like manure, natural farming takes a simpler, less interventionist approach, often relying on the natural processes already at work in the environment. Both have their pros and cons, but they're both striving for the same goal: farming in harmony with nature.


Key Guidelines: Natural farming suggests zero outside interference, to achieve sustainable agriculture, while organic farming allows for little intervention within established values and methods.


Local Definitions and Cultural Variations: Natural farming follows local conditions and adjusts to location-specific demands, whereas organic farming complies with globally recognized standards, maintaining consistency across regions.


The Role of Artificial Nutrients: Natural farming does not use synthetic inputs, relying rather on ecosystem fertility, whereas organic farming excludes synthetic pesticides and GMOs but may allow selected synthetics under particular conditions.



To summarize, both natural farming and organic farming provide sustainable alternatives to traditional agriculture by prioritizing soil health, biodiversity, and environmental sustainability. While they have similar purposes and ideas, they differ in the approach, limitations, and reliance on external input.

Finally, both natural and organic farming aim to cultivate in harmony with nature, prioritizing ecological balance, soil health, and less reliance on chemical alternatives. Farmers, consumers, and stakeholders can all contribute to a more sustainable agriculture system by selecting the strategy that best aligns with their values, resources, and local conditions.