ESG Reporting Frame Work

What is Biogas? | All You Need to Know

Biogas or as we call it in India ‘GOBAR Gas’ is a biofuel that is obtained from the decaying of organic material. In today's world, we're all looking for less harmful ways to generate energy Biogas comes forward as a great alternative to traditional carbon-emitting non-renewable fuels and energy sources. Unlike non-renewable energy sources like petroleum, Natural Gas, Firewood, and Coal which will get exhausted eventually biogas production depends on organic waste or biomass it is one of the sources that will always be there even when these natural resources will run out.

Biogas is a renewable and environmentally friendly source of energy that not only is clean but can be a great solution to save our depleting environment. It is obtained by the natural breakdown of organic matter. Biogas is a mixture of gases, where the main components are methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), where methane contributes 50-70% of the gas composition depending on the type of waste used. Methane being an excellent source of energy can be used to fuel vehicles, produce heat, and generate electricity.

How is Biogas Formed?

Biogas is formed in a Biogas Plant or a GOBAR Gas Plant. What is a Biogas Plant? Imagine a special place where bacteria work their magic in the absence of oxygen. This magical place is called a digester, and in this digestor digester  a process called Anaerobic digestion takes place. It is a biological process where organic materials, such as agricultural waste, animal manure, food waste, and sewage, are broken down in the absence of oxygen. This breakdown process is carried out by microorganisms, which decompose the organic matter and produce biogas as a byproduct.


Uses of Biogas

Biogas or Gobar gas does not just serve as a method for efficient management of organic waste but also has multiple applications and benefits. Some of these are:

1. Waste Treatment and Odour Control: Biogas plants play a role in waste management by treating organic waste, and reducing the volume of material that would otherwise end up in landfills. Additionally, the anaerobic digestion process helps control and minimize odours associated with organic waste.

2. Cooking and heating gas: In most parts of the world especially in China and India, Domestic biogas plants are installed to obtain biogas for cooking and heating purposes. Biogas is a clean burning fuel which means while burning it produces comparatively fewer greenhouse gases.

3. Electricity Generation: Biogas can be utilized in gas engines or turbines to generate electricity. Biogas-powered generators can provide electricity for homes in both urban and rural areas, or they can even power industries or It can be utilized for manufacturing processes, machinery operation, and other industrial activities.


4. Biomethane for Transportation: Biogas can be further purified to biomethane or Bio-CNG through a purification process, making it suitable for use as a vehicle fuel. Bio-CNG is a replacement for compressed natural gas (CNG) which can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from the transportation sector.

Advantages of Biogas:


1. Renewable and Sustainable: Unlike fossil fuels that are finite and if exhausted will take millions of years to regenerate, Biogas production depends on the organic waste. As long as there is organic waste or biomass, there will be a potential source of biogas. This contrasts with finite and depleting fossil fuels like petroleum and coal.

2. Reduced Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Unlike the combustion of fossil fuels, burning biogas produces lower levels of greenhouse gases. Additionally, the anaerobic digestion process in biogas production prevents the release of methane, a potent greenhouse gas, into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change mitigation.

3. Waste Management: Biogas production addresses the issue of organic waste management. By utilizing agricultural residues, food scraps, and animal manure, biogas not only produces energy but also helps reduce the release of methane emissions originating from decomposing organic matter.

4. Localized Energy Freedom: Biogas is special because it can be made right where you live. This means communities and businesses can make their energy using stuff that's easy to find nearby, like organic materials. This not only helps them become more self-reliant when it comes to energy, but it also makes them better prepared for times when energy from other sources might not be available.

5. Bio-Manure production: Biogas plants not only produce gases they also produce a semi-solid slurry which is called ‘Digestate’. For agricultural communities, this nutrient-rich Digestate can work as a miracle to grow their crops since it is much better than chemical fertilizers.


In a world increasingly focused on sustainability, biogas comes up as a versatile and eco-conscious energy solution. It's formed naturally from organic waste, boasts a wide range of practical applications, and offers numerous environmental benefits. By opting for biogas, we can reduce our reliance on traditional fuels, manage waste effectively, and take a step towards a cleaner, greener future. So, let's embrace the power of biogas and take a significant step toward a more sustainable future. Together, we can make a difference!